Infertility: Inability to conceive a child within two years of marriage with successful regular intercourse without use of contraceptives is defined as infertility. Infertility may be primary and secondary.
Primary infertility is one in which couple had no pregnancy right from the beginning of marriage and secondary infertility is that in which couple has conceived once and then gets problem in having second baby.
Infertility have different causes in males and females, hormonal changes, lack of good diet, smoking, obesity, dieting, alcohol, stress, diabetes, are general causes in both sexes, in females diseases like polycystic ovarian syndrome, vaginal and uterine infection, blockage of tubes, inability to produce ova, cervical incompetence, some mechanical factors like tumors or cancers of ovaries, uterus and vagina, some autoimmune and blood disorders are causes of infertility.
In males impotence, retrograde ejaculation, mechanical blockage by tumors, prolonged exposure of testicle to heat, un descended testes, decreased sperm count are common causes. There are numerous tests to diagnose infertility, these include blood tests, hormonal measurements, urinalysis, ultrasound, CT and MRI scans. In males semen analysis is used to detect sperm counts.
For treating infertility there are some general measures which are advised to couples like improving diet containing vitamins, especially folic acid, vitamin A and vitamin C, minerals like zinc and iron, regular mild exercise, reducing stress and depression, maintaining proper weight.
Proper intercourse timings and techniques are very important, other treatment options depend upon the cause and done by infertility specialist. In vitro fertilization or Test Tube Baby is the final option for infertile couple.
In this page, we are going to discuss about Infertility and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in Urdu and Roman Hindi for the people of Pakistan and India.